Teacher: Tonny Lion
A compreensão é um aspecto importante da leitura. Ao ler, esforce-se para compreender e extrair significado para uma melhor percepção geral do que está lendo. Aprendendo e implementando estratégias de leitura e mudando a forma como você lê, você pode melhorar suas habilidades de compreensão de leitura e torná-la mais fácil e agradável.
Neste artigo, exploraremos o que é compreensão de leitura e as melhores estratégias que você pode usar para aprimorar suas habilidades de leitura.
O que é compreensão de leitura?
Compreensão de leitura é a capacidade de compreender ou entender o que você está lendo. Esta é uma parte intencional e ativa da leitura e ocorre antes, durante e depois de você ler algo. Ao ser capaz de compreender o que você está lendo, você pode extrair significado do texto e perceber melhor o que o autor está tentando transmitir.
Existem dois componentes de compreensão de leitura: compreensão de texto e conhecimento de vocabulário. Conhecimento de vocabulário é a capacidade de compreender a linguagem que está sendo usada, enquanto a compreensão de texto está usando essa linguagem para desenvolver uma consciência de qual é o significado por trás do texto.
Por que as habilidades de compreensão de leitura são importantes?
A compreensão da leitura é importante por vários motivos e pode trazer muitos benefícios. Ser capaz de ler com eficácia pode melhorar sua vida pessoal e profissional e pode aumentar seu prazer geral de ler. Saber como entender um texto pode ajudar a aumentar seu conhecimento em certas áreas e ajudá-lo a aprender novas habilidades e informações mais rapidamente.
Os benefícios adicionais de boas habilidades de compreensão de leitura incluem:
• Ser capaz de compreender, analisar e responder a documentos e comunicação escrita no local de trabalho
• Melhorou sua capacidade de escrever de forma clara e eficaz
• A capacidade de compreender e se envolver em eventos atuais que estão na forma escrita, como jornais
• Maior capacidade de se concentrar na leitura por um longo período
• Melhor aproveitamento e motivação para ler
Agora que você conhece a importância da compreensão da leitura, leia as estratégias abaixo e melhore sua interpretação de texto em língua.
Reading strategies you can use to improve
your comprehension skills
There are several reading strategies that you can begin implementing today to improve your reading comprehension skills. The more you practice, the better you will become at understanding what you are reading. The following are seven simple strategies you can use to work on your comprehension skills:
1. Improve your vocabulary
Knowing what the words you are reading mean can improve your ability to comprehend the meaning of the text. To improve your vocabulary, you can:
- Take an online vocabulary quiz to assess your current level of vocabulary understanding
- Use flashcards to quiz yourself on words you don’t know once or twice a week
- Make a point to use newly learned words in verbal and written communication
- Read as much as possible to improve your ability to guess what a word means in a certain context
- Make a list of unfamiliar words as you read and look them up in the dictionary
2. Come up with questions about the text you are reading
Asking questions about what you are reading can help improve your reading comprehension by allowing you to become invested in the text. It can also broaden your overall understanding of what you are reading by enabling you to explore themes, motifs and other components of text that you otherwise wouldn’t inquire about. The following are examples of questions you could pose as you read:
- Why did the author begin the book at that location?
- What kind of relationship do these two characters share?
- What do we know about the main character up to this point in the book?
- Are there any themes that have consistently come up throughout the book? If so, what do they mean?
The more specific your questions, the more likely you will gain further insight into the text and its meaning.
3. Use context clues
Using context clues is a great way to understand what you are reading even if you don’t know all the vocabulary being used. Context clues can be found in the words and sentences surrounding the word that you aren’t familiar with. To use context clues, you can focus on the key phrases or ideas in a sentence and deduce the main idea of a sentence or paragraph based on this information. You can also look for nearby words that are synonyms or antonyms of the word you don’t know.
4. Look for the main idea
Identifying the main idea of a paragraph or article can help you determine the importance of the article. Understanding why what you’re reading is important can give you a better comprehension of what the author is trying to convey. When reading, pause every few paragraphs and see if you can decipher what the main idea is. Then, try to put the main idea in your own words for even further understanding.
5. Write a summary of what you read
A great way to increase your knowledge of what you have read is to write a summary. Summarizing requires you to decide what is important in the text and then put it in your own words. Summarizing allows you to determine if you truly understand what you have read and better remember what you have read in the long term.
6. Break up the reading into smaller sections
If you are reading longer or more challenging text, consider breaking it up into smaller sections. For example, you could read two paragraphs at a time and then pause to quickly summarize what you just read in your mind. Breaking up what you are reading can help you feel less overwhelmed and give you a better chance of truly comprehending the information in the text.
7. Pace yourself
Pacing yourself is also an effective way to work on your reading comprehension skills by allowing you to set realistic goals for your reading practice and habits. This is especially true for books or other literature that you find challenging. Set a goal for yourself that you know you can meet each day. For example, rather than saying that you want to read an entire book in two days, say that you will read three chapters a night. This allows you to reach your goals and also provides adequate time for you to process what you are reading between each session.
Tips to make the most of your reading comprehension practice
Reading is a fundamental part of everyday life. The more you incorporate and prioritize reading and understanding what you read, the better your overall reading comprehension will become. These tips can help you make the most of your time when practicing your reading skills.
When you are distracted, your ability to comprehend what you are reading is negatively impacted. When reading—even if it’s a simple email—eliminate distractions and focus solely on the text. This will help you learn to hold your attention to what you read and enable you to know whether you understand what you are reading.
Read a book below your reading level
Starting with books below your reading level will allow you to develop a baseline of your reading comprehension and build on that. Instead of starting with books or other text that you find challenging, read something that is comfortable and that you can easily comprehend. You can take an online quiz to establish the reading level you are currently at.
Re-read text to ensure understanding
If you finish a sentence or paragraph and realize that you don’t understand what it was trying to convey, take the time to re-read it until you do. Try to read more slowly the second time around and look up definitions for any words you don’t know the meaning of.
Reading aloud incorporates both visual and audio learning into your reading comprehension practice. It also forces you to slow down and gives you more time to process what you are reading.