Meanings of the word Business

Professor: Antonio Marques (Pós Graduando em Ensilo da Língua Inglesa -Faculdade Descomplica)

Basicamente a palavra Business traduzida para o português pode significar “comércio” ou “negócio“. Ela pode ser relacionada ao mundo dos negócios, a uma empresa particular, ou de maneira mais geral, com todo um nicho de mercado: Exemplo: “the music business” (“o negócio da música”) ou “the movie business” (“o negócio do cinema”). Etimologicamente, a palavra business surgiu da ideia do “being busy” (estar ocupado”, em português), uma condição corrente entre os homens e mulheres do mundo dos negócios.

Contudo existem muitos outros usos que dependem do contexto. Segue abaixo uma lista com diversas possíveis interpretações que mostram a riqueza semântica desta palavra.

DICA: Nunca aprendam ou traduzam uma palavra sem entender o contexto e observar as gírias e expressões idiomáticas.

Bons estudos!!!

Separação silábica e pronúncia: business /ˈbɪznəs/ noun

  1.  BUYING OR SELLING GOODS OR SERVICES [uncountable] the activity of making money by producing or buying and selling goods, or providing servicesStudents on the course learn about all aspects of business.Carl began in the music business by running a recording studio.We do business with a number of Italian companies.He has a wide range of business interests.

Grammar: Don’t use ‘the business’ when talking in general about the activity of making money.

You say: Tourism is good for business.

✗Don’t say: Tourism is good for the business.

She now has her own $25 million home-shopping business.

They don’t know how to run a business.

The company began as a small family

  • HOW MUCH WORK A COMPANY HAS [uncountable] the amount of work a company does or the amount of money it makesWe’re now doing twice as much business as we did last year.Exports account for 72% of overall business.business is good/bad/slow etc Business is slow during the summer.drum up business (=try to get more work for you or your company)Perot was in Europe, drumming up business for his new investment company.
  •  FOR YOUR JOB [uncountable] work that you do as part of your jobShe’s in New York this week on business (=for her work). 
  • Hi Maggie! Is this phone call business or pleasure?business trip/meeting etc
  • We discussed the idea over a business lunch.useful business contacts.
  •  WHAT SOMEONE SHOULD BE INVOLVED IN [uncountable]a) if something is not your business or none of your business, you should not be involved in it or ask about itIt was not her business, she decided, to ask where the money came from.It’s none of your business how much I weigh.‘Who’s that girl you were with?’ ‘Mind your own business (=Don’t ask questions about something that does not concern you)!’‘Are you going out with Kate tonight?’ ‘That’s my business (=it doesn’t concern you, so don’t ask me questions about it)’.b) if it is someone’s business to do something, it is their duty or responsibility to do itit is the business of somebody to do something It is the business of government to listen to the various groups within society.
  •  THINGS TO BE DEALT WITH [uncountable] things that need to be done or discussed Okay, let’s get down to business (=start doing or discussing something).‘Is there any other business?’ the chairman asked.
  •  MATTER [singular] a situation or activity, especially one that you have a particular opinion about or attitude towards a serious/strange/funny etc business Leon regards keeping fit as a serious business.Tanya found the whole business ridiculous.

8   be in business

a) to be involved in business activities The company has been in business for over 30 years.

b) spoken to have all that you need to start doing something I’ve just got to buy the paint and then we’re in business.

9  (go) out of business

if a company goes out of business, or something puts it out of business, it stops operating, especially because of financial problems Higher interest rates will drive small firms out of business.

10 be back in business

to be working or operating in a normal way again The band are back in business after a long break.

  • Nice to see Dave Hill’s barber is back in business.
  • The company was back in business.

11  somebody was (just) minding their own business

spoken used to say that someone was not doing anything unusual or wrong at the time when something unfair or bad happened to them I was driving along, minding my own business, when the police stopped my car.

  • I was just walking along, minding my own business, when this guy ran straight into me.

12  go about your business

To do the things that you normally do The street was full of ordinary people going about their business. You have to laugh about it and go about yourbusiness.

13 make it your business to do something

To make a special effort to do something Ruth made it her business to get to know the customers.

  • Increasingly, companies are making it their business to develop programs for serving both the worker and the bottom line.
  • Quinn knew this because he had made it his business to know such things.
  • I made it my business to be there at dinner the following day.

14  mean business

Informal – to be serious about doing something even if it involves harming someone The border is guarded by troops who mean business.

 • Zhou had discarded his usual severe tunic for gray Western business suit, and he meant business.

• But when it bites, it means business.

15 unfinished business

Something you need to discuss further with someone or a situation that has not yet reached a satisfactory solution The sudden death of a loved one can often leave the bereaved with an agonizing sense of unfinished business

  • Those people that you have unfinished business with.
  • Seeing their own children in their teens may bring their own adolescence forcibly to mind, along with its unfinished business.

16 business is business

spoken used to say that profit is the most important thing to consider We can’t afford to employ someone who isn’t good at the job – business is business

  • For these guys, business is business and worker safety is not important.
  • But business is business wherever you are.
  • However, business is business and pleasure is pleasure.

17 business as usual

when someone or something is still working or operating normally when you think they might not be .

  • Despite last night’s scare, it was business as usual in the White House today.
  • We need to be clear that, if Bush defeats Al Gore, there will no longer be business as usual.
  • This is more than dictatorial business as usual.

18 have no business doing something/have no business to do something

To do something you should not be doing 

  • He was drunk and had no business driving.

19  not be in the business of doing something

To not be intending to do something because you think it is a bad idea 

  • I’m not in the business of selling my best players.
  • Labour may not be in the business of re-connecting with the past, but its attachment to the future is still confused.

20 and all that business

spoken informal and other things of the same general kind

  • She handles the publicity and all that business.

21 (it’s) the business

Used to say that something is very good or works well 

  • Have you seen David’s new car? It’s the business!

22 do the business

British English 

  1. to do what you are expected to do or what people want you to do 
  2. Come on, then, and do the business.
  3. UK SLANG

b) to have sex

  • I did go back to his place, but we didn’t do the business, if that’s what you’re implying!

23-  big business noun [uncountable   

  1.  Very large companies, considered as a powerful group with a lot of influence
  2. product or type of activity that people spend a lot of money on Dieting has become big business.,
  3. In its many forms, disposal of the dead has always been big business, and always subject to fashion.• Health and fitness now equal big business.
  4. Ocean racing is big business involving vast amounts of money.
  5. Selling music to teenagers is big business.

24- like nobody’s business

Very much, very well, or very fast We get along like nobody’s business.

25- monkey business informal bad or dishonest behaviour Ex. The proposal had become the victim of political monkey business and deceit.

26- show business  (also showbiz informal) noun [uncountable   the entertainment industry, for example televisionfilmspopular theatre etc in show business 

  • Phyllis always wanted to be in show business. 
  • The restaurant is always full of show business personalities.

SOURCE:

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English for advanced learners 6th edition. England, UK: Pearson Education Limited, 2014.

Publicado por sbecommunication

Antonio Leão se apaixonou pela língua inglesa na adolescência por causa da sua paixão polo rock and roll. Desde então tem aprimorado seus conhecimentos continuamente. EM 2008 obteve o certificado de Inglês no ACBEU. Para prosseguir seus estudos passou no vestibular da UFBA em 2009, formando-se Bacharel em Língua Estrangeira Moderna (Inglês) em 2013. Em 2021 concluiu a Pós-Graduação em Ensino da Língua Inglesa (Faculdade Descomplica). Desde que ingressou na UFBA, começou a dar aulas particulares e a ministrar aulas em cursos de inglês (Cultura Inglesa e Talktalk) e escolas do ensino fundamental (Escola Tempo de Aprender, Colégio Espaço Ideal Master). Atualmente, é professor do Ensino Fundamental I e II do Centro Educacional Império do Saber, além de ministrar aulas particular e atuar como tradutor.

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